Maternal HEALTH Fast Facts

(United States, 2016)

Live births: 3,945,875

Hospital births: 3,883,255 (98.4%)

 

Characteristics of Labor 

Epidural or spinal anesthesia during labor 2,901,486 (73.5%) 

Induction of labor 967,811 (24.5%)

Augmentation of labor 826,783 (21.0%)

Steroids (glucocorticoids) for fetal lung maturation 93,931 (2.4%)

Antibiotics received by mother during labor 976,049 (24.7%)

Clinical chorioamnionitis during labor 60,505 (1.5%)

 

Final Method of Delivery

Vaginal, spontaneous 2,562,527 (65% of 3,945,875)

Vaginal, forceps 21,674 (0.5% of 3,945,875)

Vaginal, vacuum 100,602 (2.6% of 3,945,875)

Cesarean 1,258,581 (31.9% of 3,945,875)

Cesarean, trial of labor attempted 318,739 (25.6% of 1,258,581)

Primary Cesarean 728,500 (21.8% of 3,341,743)

NTSV Cesarean 329,614 (25.7% of 1,282,545)

Vaginal Birth After Cesarean 75,244 (12.4% of 601,788) 

        What are the different types of cesarean rates? Learn more.

 

Fetal Presentation

Cephalic (Head-down) 3,719,121 (94.8% of 3,945,875)

Breech 152,519 (3.9% of 3,945,875)

Other Fetal Presentation 51,444 (1.3% of 3,945,875)

 

Pregnancy Risk Factors

Diabetes (diagnosis prior to this pregnancy) 33,829

Gestational Diabetes (diagnosis in this pregnancy) 234,847 

Prepregnancy Hypertension (chronic) 68,378

Gestational Hypertension (PIH, preeclampsia) 235,693

Eclampsia 10,317

Previous preterm birth 122,042

Pregnancy resulted from infertility treatment 68,744

Mother had a previous cesarean delivery 601,778

 

Maternal Morbidity

Maternal transfusion 11,494

Third- or fourth-degree perineal laceration 25,463

Ruptured uterus 976

Unplanned hysterectomy 1,342

Admission to intensive care unit 5,003

 

 

SOURCE: Births, Final Data for 2016 (CDC NCHS)